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What is the kinesphere?

Considered the creator of the Modern Dance School of Central Europe, Laban (1879-1958), who studied architecture at l’École des Beaux Arts in Paris, he did a great job in the field of movement analysis in relation to space.

He called it the space that surrounds the body and is delimited by the radius of action of its extension, either in an immobile or moving corporality.

The kinesphere is represented by the shape of a large sphere that surrounds the body. When we are aware of this imaginary sphere, we can be more aware of our body as a whole and appropriate our «vital space».

The vital space is the area that establishes the safety margin between our body and the rest of the world.

This vital space has the ability to reduce or reach the limits of the kinesphere depending on the amplitude of our movements and even, to exceed its borders by means of directed physical work that allows projecting beyond, towards the outside.

Although the kinesphere is made up of many sections, in this article I am going to mention only three of them: planes, axes and directions.

An anatomical plane is a hypothetical plane used to transect the body, in order to describe the location of structures or the direction of movements. In human and animal anatomy, three main planes are used:

-The sagittal plane or the wheel plane (longitudinal, anteroposterior) is a plane parallel to the sagittal suture. The body is divided into left and right.

-The frontal plane or door plane (vertical) divides the body into dorsal and ventral portions (posterior and frontal, or posterior and anterior).

-The transverse plane or table plane (lateral, horizontal) divides the body into cranial and caudal portions (head and tail).

An axis is a straight line around which an object rotates. The movement in the joint takes place in a plane around an axis. There are three axes of rotation.

-Sagittal axis: passes horizontally from posterior to anterior and is formed by the intersection of the sagittal and transverse planes.

-Front axis: it runs horizontally from left to right and is formed by the intersection of the frontal and transverse planes.

-Vertical axis: it passes vertically from inferior to superior and is formed by the intersection of the sagittal and frontal planes.

Direction: Indication of the orientation or destination of a moving body.

Anterior (or Ventral) Describes the front or the direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot.
Posterior (or Dorsal) Describes the back or direction towards the back of the body. The popliteus is posterior to the patella.

Superior (or cranial) describes a position superior or superior to another part of the body itself. Orbits are superior to oris.
Lower (or caudal) describes a position below or lower than another part of the body itself; near or towards the tail (in humans, the tailbone or the lower part of the spine). The pelvis is lower than the abdomen.

Lateral describes the side or direction towards the side of the body. The thumb (pollex) is lateral to the digits.